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New York – "The Naked City" (1948)

“As you see we are flying over an Island. A City. A particular City. And this is a Story of a number of people, and a Story also of the City itself. It was not Photographed in a Studio – Quit the contrary. The actors played out their rolles on the streets, in the Apartment houses and in the Sky-scrapers of New York itself. And along with them a great many thousands of New Yorkers played out their rolles also. This is the City as it is. Hot summer pavements, the Childrens in their play, the Buildings in their naked stone The People without make-up.”

Citat fra åbningssekvensen af filmen “The Naked City” (1948)

BOGEN – “Naked City” (2010)

En af de første bøger jeg købte her i New York er en ny bog af sociologi prof. Sharon Zukin, med titlen: “Naked City: The Death and Life of Authentic Urban Places”. Bogen er en form for opdateret Jane Jacobs [“Life and Death of Great American Cities” – link], og omhandler den øgede efterspørgsel efter det at bo i den, såkaldt, autentiske by – Noget der ses tydeligt i de stigende priser på fast ejendom, de dyre butikker og den øgede overvågning af byens streetscapes.

En af de ting der diskuteres heftigt herovre er, at netop de mennesker der oprindelig lånte New York sine autentiske miljøer [emigranter, arbejdsklassen og kunstnerne], har måtte forlade byen pga. af netop denne udvikling. Nu ser vi kædebutikker og tusindvis af bankfilialer i gadeplan hvor der før var familiedrevet forretninger, håndværkere og grossister.

Jeg fandt et fint 30 minutters interview med Sharon Zukin, hvor hun fortæller om hvordan vores opfattelser af byer har ændret sig:

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læs mere om “Big Think Interview With Sharon Zukin

FOTOGRAFIERNE – “The Naked City” (1945)

Bogens titel referer egentlig tilbage til filmen “The Naked City” fra 1948, som igen bar navnet videre fra en bogudgivelse to år tidligere af New Yorker fotografen Weegee. En bog med ca. 100 fotografier af de rigtige New Yorkere, i en tid hvor fotos altid var opstillet. Som  han selv skriver det i sit forord:

“For the pictures in this book I was on the scene […] and I cought the New Yorkers with their masks off…Not afraid to Laugh, to Cry, or make Love. What I felt i Photographed, Crying and laughing with them” – citat fra forordet.

FILMEN – “The Naked City” (1948)

Weegee blev rent faktisk ansat på som still fotograf på filmen “The Naked City” – en film der forsøgte at være lige så ren i sit udtryk, som det er muligt, i forhold til det at indfange og dokumentere det autentiske New York. Filmen er optaget on-location i alle scener, hvilket var helt uhørt på den tid. Og resultatet er også bemærkelsesværdigt. Det er en meget lige til detektiv historie der bygger på et virkeligt mord på en ung kvinde. Som et lille twist er det værd at bemærke filmens Hitchcock-agtige intro hvor filmens producer, Mark Hellinger lægger voice-over stemme, som sig selv. Hvor fortælleren ofte er i 3. person – den ukendte – bevæger det sig her over imod dokumentar genren…men det var jo også det der var meningen!

– Snyd ikke dig selv for åbningssekvensen og billederne af jagten gennem Lower East Side og slut scenen på Williamsburg Bridge. Det er good stuff. Og hele filmen kan næææsten ses på Youtube i 10 små dele. Første del finder du nedenfor, og de resterende til slut i indlægget (afsnit 5 kunne jeg dog ikke finde). Indstallerer du Vuze så kan du vist godt finde et Torrent til filmen på f.eks. BT Junkie.

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